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Suryavansh

Suryavansh – Part 5

Namaste! Today, it is all about King Sagar and his descendants! 

Sagar

King Rohitashva’s great-great-great-great-grandson (Whew!) was Bahu. Bahu had lived a full life, but had no heir. He left Kosala and retired to the forest with his wives. Soon, he passed away, his chief wife, Yadavi, who was pregnant at the time, decided to immolate herself at her husband’s pyre. The Sages persuaded her not to, and she gave in. The other wives of Bahu were jealous of her as her son would become Bahu’s heir. They poisoned Yadavi to kill her and the child, but due to divine intervention, they survived.

Soon, Yadavi gave birth to a boy named Sagar. He grew up under the tutelage of Sage Vashishta and became an able King. After many years, he decided to conduct an Ashwamedha Yagna. 

Yes, yes, I am here. An Ashwamedha Yagna is when a King releases a ceremonial horse to wander for a year. Wherever the horse goes, it becomes the King’s territory. If it goes into another Kingdom, and they refuse to be under the control of the King, they can wage war with him.

The horse was freed, and Sagar waited for a year. The horse still hadn’t returned, he sent his sixty-thousand sons to search for it. They dug up the earth to see if the horse was in Patala Loka, the underground realm of the Asuras and Nagas. In Patala, they found a cave where the Sage Kapila was meditating. The horse was right next to him!

Mistaking the Sage for a thief, they attacked him. As the Sage opened his eyes, the sixty-thousand sons of Sagara were burnt to ashes by Kapila’s power gained from penance. Sagara was extremely saddened by hearing the news. Sagara had to bring back the sacrificial horse from Patala, so he sent his grandson, Anshuman to retrieve it. 

Anshuman recognized the Sage as an Avatar of Lord Vishnu. (Remember that Vishnu took many minor Avatars?) He praised his greatness, asking for a solution for the calming of his sixty-thousand forefathers’ souls. Sage Kapila advised him to bring the celestial river Ganga to Patala, over their ashes for their peaceful afterlife. 

Sagara and Anshuman spent their whole lives trying to get the river on earth, and then to Patala, but no avail. How will Sagara’s sons gain a peaceful passage into Swarga?

Bhagirath

King Bhagirath was Anshuman’s son, Dileepa’s son. To bring Ganga to earth, he performed penance. He managed to please the river Goddess, she agreed to come to earth. As she descended from the heavens, her flow was so strong, it would wash away the whole earth. To stop this, Lord Shiva controlled her flow with his locks, slowly releasing her onto the earth. This is why Ganga is also called Bhagirathi, from Bhagirath. The river flowed from the Himalayas, into the sea and Patala. Till now, the pure Ganga flows on this earth. 

Till next time!

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Dashavatar

Vishnu’s Dashavatar: Narasimha Avatar Part 2

Namaste! Today, I come with the second part of Narasimha Avatar! If you haven’t yet, read the last part here. Without ado, let’s go!

When Hiranyakashyap returned, Kayadhu and Prahlada, their son, returned to him. Hiranyakashyap didn’t like Prahlada worshipping Vishnu, his sworn enemy, the killer of his brother. He tried to kill Prahlada many times but to no avail. He pushed him into the water tied to a heavy stone, but surprisingly, he floated back to the shore, chanting Lord Vishnu’s name. Hiranyakashyap’s men pushed him off a cliff, he fell, chanting ‘Om Namo Narayanaya.’ Prahlada landed safely on the ground.

Hiranyakashyap was furious, he summoned his sister, Holika to kill him. She had a magical cloth that remained unscathed in the fire. She wrapped the cloth around her, entering a pyre with Prahlada on her lap. Prahlada continued chanting the name of Lord Vishnu. Instead of Prahlada, Holika was burnt to ashes. This was the power of Prahlada’s faith, the name of Lord Vishnu.

Hiranyakashyap ordered Prahlada to worship him, he shook his head and said. ‘Father, you are a mortal. Lord Vishnu is everywhere, in you, in me, in this pillar here.’ Hiranyakashyap scoffed. ‘In this pillar? Let’s see if that coward Vishnu appears out of this and rescues you.’ He swung his mace at the pillar, smashing it to pieces. A man-lion appeared from the pillar, his nails ready to kill Hiranyakashyap. This was Lord Vishnu’s Narasimha Avatar!

Lord Narasimha

Tava kara Kamala vare Nakham adbhuta sringam

Dalita Hiranyakasipu tanu bhringam

Keshava dhrita Narahari rupa

Jaya Jagadisha hare

The sharp nails on your hands became wonderful claws that tore up the body of Hiranya Kasipu. O Keshava, of body Man-Lion, Hail Hari! Lord of the Universe!

Lord Narasimha carried Hiranyakashyap to the threshold of the palace, neither inside nor outside. It was twilight, neither day nor night. Narasimha placed him on his lap, neither ground nor the sky. Narasimha wasn’t Brahma’s creation. He tore his chest open with his nails, it wasn’t a weapon. Lord Narasimha killed the evil Hiranyakashyap, freeing the three worlds of his sins. He acted according to Lord Brahma’s boon, saving Prahlada from his father.

This is all for today! See you next time!

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Other Reviews

Book Review: Vikramaditya Veergatha series

Namaste! I recently finished the Vikramaditya Veergatha series by Shatrujeet Nath, and I thought, ‘Why shouldn’t I write a review?’ So here it is!

About the Author:

Shatrujeet Nath is the creator of the runaway national bestseller series Vikramaditya Veergatha, a four-book series, which includes The Guardians of the Halahala, The Conspiracy at Meru, The Vengeance of Indra and The Wrath of The Hellfires. Described as “a new face to Indian mythology” by DNA, Shatrujeet also writes for movies and web shows. His first book, The Karachi Deception, an Indo-Pak spy thriller, has recently been optioned to be made into a web series.

Summary:

The Vikramaditya Veergatha series is a four-part masterpiece by Shatrujeet Nath. The story follows Samrat Vikramaditya and his nine councilors as they are tasked with protecting a dagger containing the Halahala – the deadliest poison in the world by Lord Shiva. The Devas and Asuras greedily try to obtain the Halahala from Vikramaditya, they hurl vicious creatures and fearsome warriors his way, trying to force him to give up the dagger. Vikramaditya is made to choose between his promise to Lord Shiva, and his Queen, Vishakha. On top of that, he is faced by repeated attacks from the barbarians from the Marusthali, the Hunas and Sakas.

Review:

I loved how he beautifully brought the story together, starting the story with a bang, a massacre in the mountains, and Vikramaditya’s coronation. I especially liked the choice of names in his books and, of course, his choice of words. At first, I couldn’t get my head around how Hiranyaksha, Hiranyakashipu and Holika were in his storyline. Then I realized that his story needed strong characters, and he needed to use his ‘Creative Liberty’ card. It is perfectly understandable, and I am not criticizing him. At a point, I seriously thought Amara Simha was Narasimha 😂.

Shatrujeet Nath’s books are filled with suspense, thrill, wisdom and shocking plot-twists, so it deserves five stars. 

Rating: 5 out of 5.

I recommend it to anyone, just anyone. See you later!

Categories
Suryavansh

Suryavansh – Part 4

Namaste! Today, it is all about the truthful Harishchandra. Have you heard about him? So, let’s go!

Satyavrata

Kuvalashva’s descendant was Satyavrata. He was a righteous and kind king and took good care of his people. As he grew old, he passed on his throne to his son, Harishchandra. As Satyavrata lived a righteous life, he deserved ascension to heaven, but he wished to do so in his mortal body. He requested his Guru, Vashishta, to perform the rites, but he declined, saying that ascending to heaven in one’s mortal body is impossible. Satyavrata approached Vashishta’s son, Shakti, to help him. Shakti refused as he didn’t want to go against his father’s wishes. Satyavrata attempted to lure Shakti with wealth and fame, but the act angered Shakti. He cursed Satyavrata to turn into Trishanku, with horrible form and illnesses.

Upon his wanderings, Trishanku met the king turned ascetic, Kaushika. He narrated his story to Kaushika and asked for his help. Kaushika agreed and started the rituals for Trishanku’s departure. Soon, Trishanku started his ascension to heaven. Once he reached heaven, the Devas kicked him out, as no one in their mortal body can reach heaven. Kaushika was angry and stopped Trishanku’s descent from heaven halfway and constructed another heaven around him. The Devas requested Kaushika to stop this as it will be disastrous if Trishanku overtakes Indra. Kaushika agreed and said that the new heaven shall be called Trishanku’s heaven and the king shall reside in the heaven from now on. To ensure that Trishaku does not supersede Indra, Kaushika suspended him upside down in his heaven.

Thus concludes the story of Trishanku, who is suspended in his heaven.

Harishchandra

Harishchandra was an honest, noble, and just king. Once, he was on a hunting expedition. He heard the cries of a woman asking for help. He rushed in the direction of the sound and found Sage Kaushika meditating there. The sound was produced by Lord Ganesha, to test the strength of Sage Kaushika’s penance. Seeing Harishchandra there, Ganesha entered his body and abused Sage Kaushika. Sage Kaushika was very angry. He lost all the power gained from the penance. Harishchandra regained his senses and apologized to the Sage, and promised to fulfill every desire of his. Sage Kaushika said, ‘Give me all that you have, your Kingdom, your wealth, and your subjects.’ Harishchandra gave him everything, but Sage Kaushika demanded more. He promised to give him more money after a month. Harishchandra, his wife Taramati, and his son Rohitashva left the palace and started living a simple life. Harishchandra’s subjects followed him too, but Sage Kaushika intervened and forbade them from following him. He beat the Queen with a stick to make them leave sooner. Seeing this, the five guardian deities questioned the Sage. Kaushika got enraged and cursed them to be born on earth as humans. 

A month passed after Harishchandra and his family left their kingdom. They arrived in the holy city of Kashi and saw Sage Kaushika present there. The Sage demanded his donation, but Harishchandra said that there was still some time left. 

Seeing Harishchandra’s condition, his wife, Taramati, requested him to sell her as a slave to get the money. Harishchandra refused, but Taramati pointed out that there was no other way, and he agreed. He sold her to a Brahmin as a slave, but Harishchandra’s son, Rohitashva, refused to leave his mother. Rohitashva was also sold to the Brahmin, Harishchandra took the money and gave it to Kaushika, but the money was not enough for him. Harishchandra sold himself to a Chandala (a person who works in a cremation ground) and paid the Sage. He started working in the cremation ground from then.

One day, when Rohitashva was plucking flowers for the Brahmin, a snake bit him, and he died. The devastated Taramati took her son’s body to the cremation ground to get it cremated. She met Harishchandra there, he was devastated to see his only son dead. He asked for some money to cremate his son’s body as it was customary to do so. Taramati didn’t have any money, so she tore half of her sari and gave it to Harishchandra as payment. Harishchandra and Taramati decided to give up their lives on their son’s cremation pyre.

Suddenly, Lord Vishnu himself appeared before them with all the other gods. The Chandala, who was Yama, the God of Death, revived Rohitashva. Vishnu explained that this was all a test to demonstrate their virtues and righteousness. Indra offered Harishchandra and his wife a position in Swarga, but Harishchandra wanted all of his subjects to go with him as they would suffer without him. Indra explained that it was not possible because it is decided whether someone goes to heaven or hell based on their deeds. Harishchandra decided to donate all his virtues to his subjects so that they could enter heaven. Seeing his love for his subjects, they were all granted a place in heaven. Meanwhile, in Ayodhya, Sage Kaushika brought new people to Ayodhya and made Rohitashva King.

That’s it for today! Stay tuned for the next parts!

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Dashavatar

Vishnu’s Dashavatar: Narasimha Avatar Part 1

Namaste folks! Today, it’s all about the fifth avatar of Lord Vishnu, Lord Narasimha! Let’s go!

Hearing the news of Hiranyaksha’s death, his brother, Hiranyakashipu, was seething with anger. He wanted to punish Vishnu severely. He left his kingdom and went to perform penance to please Lord Brahma.

Meanwhile, the Devas took the opportunity to attack Hiranyakashipu’s kingdom. They killed all the Asuras and advanced towards the palace. Indra went into the palace and strode to Hiranyakashyap’s pregnant wife, Kayadhu’s chambers. He raised his weapon to kill the heir of Hiranyakashyap. Sage Narada, the messenger of the Devas, intervened and reminded Indra of righteousness. Narada took Kayadhu to his hermitage and took care of her there.

Sage Narada recited the Vedas and other texts to Kayadhu, the unborn child in Kayadhu’s womb absorbed all this knowledge. Sage Narada was a great devotee of Lord Vishnu, so he often sang the praises of Lord Vishnu. The child in Kayadhu’s womb absorbed this too.

Meanwhile, Hiranyakashyap did penance for months, without consuming anything, even water! Seeing this, Lord Brahma got pleased and appeared before Hiranyakashyap.

‘Hiranyakashyap, ask me for anything, and I will give it to you.’

Hiranyakashyap bowed to Lord Brahma and said, ‘I want immortality!’

Brahma was shocked, ‘Immortality can’t be given to anyone. ask me for anything except that, child.’ 

Hiranyakashyap decided to trick Brahma and asked, ‘O Lord Brahma! I should not meet death by the entities created by you. Grant me that I will not die within a residence, or outside, in the daytime, or at night. I should die neither on the ground nor the sky. Grant me that I will be immune to all weapons.’

Brahma nodded and said, ‘So be it.’

Hiranyakashyap returned to his kingdom and found out that it had been conquered by the Devas. He used his boon from Lord Brahma and took back his kingdom. He attacked Swarga and gained lordship over the three worlds. He wreaked havoc over the three worlds, killing innocents and destroying holy rites.

What will the Devas do? Who will save the three worlds now? Stay tuned for the next part to find out.

Till next time! Namaste!

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Suryavansh

Suryavansh – Part 3

Hi guys! Today, we are going to read about the descendants of Kakutstha. So, let’s go!

Prithu

Kakutstha’s son, Anena, had a son named Prithu. When Prithu was the King of Kosala, there was famine everywhere. He found out that the earth goddess had hidden food, medicine, etc., in her abdomen. He asked her to release them for the welfare of humanity, but she refused and ran away in the form of a cow. 

Prithu was angry on learning this and was determined to free the world from this famine. He chased her, asking her to stop, but in vain. Prithu got on his chariot and raised his bow to free the earth from the famine by killing the cow. The earth goddess, in the form of the cow, asked for forgiveness from Prithu. She said that killing her would mean the end of his subjects too. Prithu lowered his weapon and promised to protect her.

Prithu milked the cow and received the food, medicine, etc. By granting the earth goddess protection, Prithu became her father, so the earth came to be known as Prithvi, the daughter of Prithu. King Prithu was the first Chakravartin (universal ruler).

Kuvalashva

Prithu’s great-great-great-grandson (whew!) was Brihadashva. Brihadashva had lived a full life and decided to retire to the forest. He crowned his son, Kuvalashva, as the King of Kosala and left for the forest. The wise Sage, Utanka, stopped Brihadashva from leaving, saying that a gigantic rakshasa named Dhundhu was performing awful austerities for destroying the world. Utanka asked Brihadashva to kill Dhundhu and offered to give him divine powers gained from Lord Vishnu. 

Brihadashva refused and told the Sage that his son, Kuvalashva, will go instead of him. Brihadashva’s one hundred other sons were sent first, but Dhundhu killed all of them. Enraged, Kuvalashva attacked Dhundhu, fending off his demonic powers. Infused with Lord Vishnu’s powers given to him by Sage Utanka, he slew the rakshasa. Sage Utanka granted him the name, Dhundhumara – slayer of Dhundhu.

Till next time! Stay tuned for the next parts!

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Dashavatar

Vishnu’s Dashavatar: Varaha Avatar

Hi guys! Today, I’m going to tell you about Lord Varaha.

Once, there were two Daityas (an Asura clan) named Hiranyaksha and Hiranyakashyap. They were the sons of Sage Kashyap and Diti, but they did not possess the good qualities of their father. They wreaked havoc on the three worlds, blinded by their power.

You might be wondering who Sage Kashyap is. Let’s go on a little side-story. Lord Brahma, the creator, created the Universe, but no one lived in it! So, he had nine mind-born sons, one of them was Sage Marichi. Sage Marichi had a son, Sage Kashyap. Sage Kashyap was married to 13 of Daksha’s daughters. Daksha was another mind-born son of Lord Brahma. I don’t want to bore you with the names of the 13 wives of Sage Kashyap. Sage Kashyap and his 13 wives populated the earth with all kinds of creatures. Three of Sage Kashyap’s wives were Aditi, Diti, and Danu. Aditi was the mother of the Devas, Diti was the mother of Daityas, and Danu was the mother of Danavas. Daityas and Danavas together are called Asuras.

One day, Hiranyaksha kidnapped Bhudevi (the earth) and hid her in the depths of the ocean. The Devas were worried, so they prayed to Lord Brahma for help. Lord Brahma appeared and said, ‘I am helpless in this situation we should pray to Lord Vishnu for help. Only he can rescue Lady Bhudevi from this wicked Asura.’ So, the Devas and Lord Brahma prayed to Lord Vishnu. A tiny boar emerged from Brahma’s nostrils, growing in size rapidly. It was Lord Vishnu in his boar Avatar, Varaha!

Lord Varaha

Vasati dasana shikhare Dharana tava lagna

Sasini kalaika kaleva nimagna

Keshava dhriita Sukara rupa

Jaya Jagadisha Hare!

The earth once submerged at the bottom of the ocean, sits fixed on your tusk like a spot on the moon. O Keshava, in the form of a boar, Hail Hari! Lord of the Universe!

The boar, Lord Varaha, plunged into the ocean. Lord Varaha found Hiranyaksha hiding in a deep place in the ocean. He killed Hiranyaksha and rescued Lady Bhudevi. He carried Lady Bhudevi on his snout and rose to the surface. The Devas celebrated Lord Varaha and showered flowers on him.

You might be wondering ‘How can someone hide the earth in the ocean? The ocean is on the earth!’ There are three theories to explain this.
1: Hiranyaksha hid the earth in the Garbhodaka ocean, an extraterrestrial ocean.
2: Bhudevi was a person who was hidden inside the earth’s ocean.
3: The earth was fully flooded by Hiranyaksha.
Which one of these theories do you agree with? Do you have any theories? Let us know by commenting! Till next time!

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Characters

Rishis

Rishis are enlightened beings who composed the Vedas. They possess immense powers and can bestow boons or give curses.

Saptrishi

The Saptrishi are seven sages who are changed every Manvantara.

  • Kashyapa is the father of the Adityas, Daityas and Danavas. His wives are the daughters of Daksha like, Aditi. Diti, Danu and Vinata among others. He is the son of Marichi.
  • Atri has composed many hymns on Lord Agni. His consort is Anasuya, his children are Durvasa and Dattareya.
  • Vashishta was the Rajguru of King Dasharatha’s court. His consort is Arundhati, his son is Sakti Maharishi (the father of Sage Parashara)
  • Vishvamitra was the King of Kanyakubja. He performed penance and became a Rajrishi. His children are, Sushruta (father of plastic surgery) and Shakuntala.
  • Gautama has composed many hymns in the Rig Veda. His consort is Ahalya, their son is Shatananda.
  • Jamadagni is the father of the 7th Avatar of Lord Vishnu, Parshurama. He is a Descendant of Sage Bhrigu.
  • Bharadvaja is the son of Brishaspati, the god of Jupiter. His children are, Dronacharya (the teacher of the Kauravas and Pandavas) and Ilavida (the mother of Kubera)
Manasputras

Manasputras are mind-born sons of Lord Bramha

  • Angiras is the co-author of the Atharva Veda. His consort is Surupa, his son is Brihaspati.
  • Atri has composed many hymns on Lord Agni. His consort is Anasuya, his children are Durvasa and Dattareya.
  • Pulastya is the father of Rakshasas. His consort is Manini, his children are Vishrava (father of Ravana and Kubera) and Agastya.
  • Marichi is the father of Kashyap. His consort is Kala.
  • Pulaha is the father of Kardama, his wife is Kshama.
  • Kratu is the father of the Valakhilyas (60,000 thumb-sized Sages). His consort is Santhathi.
  • Bhrigu is the well-known author of the Bhrigu Samhita. His consort is Khyati, and his children are, Bhargavi (a form of Lakshmi) and Shukracharya.
  • Vashishta was the Rajguru of King Dasharatha’s court. His consort is Arundhati, his son is Sakti Maharishi (the father of Sage Parashara)
  • Daksha is one of the Prajapatis. His consort is Prasuti. His children are the wives of renowned Sages like. His daughter Sati was the wife of Lord Shiva.
  • Narada is the messenger of the Devas. He is a Devarishi.
  • Chitragupta is the god assigned with the task of keeping track of all the good and bad deeds of all the humans. His consorts are Nandini and Shobhavati.
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Suryavansh

Suryavansh – Part 2

Hi people! Today, we are going to get to the nail-biting parts of Suryavansh so, buckle up!


Vikukshi

King Ikshvaku had 100 sons. Vikukshi was the eldest. Once, Vikukshi was sent to fetch some meat for a sacrifice Ikshvaku was performing. Vikukshi finished hunting and was returning to Ayodhya when he was overcome by hunger. He ate some of the meat destined for the sacrifice. The teacher of the Ikshvaku dynasty, Sage Vashishta, advised Ikshvaku to banish Vikukshi from the Kingdom as what he did was a sacrilege. Ikshvaku respected his teacher, Sage Vashishta, so he banished Vikukshi from his Kingdom. 

I know you are wondering who Sage Vashishta is. He is a mind-born son of Lord Brahma. He undertook the responsibility of training and advising the descendants of Ikshvaku.

After the passing of Ikshvaku, Vikukshi returned to Ayodhya and ruled there. Vikukshi had a valiant son named Kakutstha.

Kakutstha

When Vikukshi’s son, Kakutstha, was ruling Kosala, a war broke out between the Devas and Asuras. The Devas could not defeat the Asuras, so under the advice of Lord Vishnu, they went to King Kakutstha for help. Kakutstha agreed to help, but on one condition, Indra, the King of the Devas, should become his vehicle. Indra had no other way, so he took the form of a bull and became Kakutstha’s mount. King Kakutstha bravely fought against the Asuras and emerged victoriously. 

King Kakutstha had a son named Anena and he had a son named Prithu. We will see about him and his descendants in the next parts! Stay tuned!

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Characters

Devas

There are thousands of Devas (Gods), some of them are.

Tridev:

The three Gods responsible for the Creation, Protection and Destruction in the Universe.

  • Brahma the god of creation. His Vāhanā is a Swan, He carries a Kamandal, the four Vedās, a Japamālā (a string of prayer beads) and a lotus. He resides in Brahmalok with his consorts, Gāyatri, Sāvitri and Saraswati.
  • Vishnu the god of protection. His Vāhanā is Garuda, the eagle, his weapons are, the Sudarshan Chakra (discus), the Panchajanya conch, Kaumodakī Mace, Sharanga bow and Nandaka sword. He resides in Vaikunth with his consorts, Bhūmi and Lakshmi.
  • Shiva the god of destruction. His Vāhanā is Nandi, the bull, he carries a Trishul (trident). He resides in Mt. Kailāsh with his consort, Pārvati. They had two sons, Ganeshā and Kartikēya
Âdityas:

The sons of Aditi and Rishi Kashyap.

  • Indra is the King of all Devās and the god of Rain and Thunder. His Vāhanā (mount) is Airāvat, the Five-headed Elephant. His consort is Shachi Devi, the goddess of Beauty and Rage, he resides Devlok. They had one son Jayant, and two daughters Jayanti and Devasenā. He carries a very powerful thunderbolt called Vajrā, which is capable of causing serious damage.
  • Varun is the god of water. He carries a Noose and his Vāhanā is a crocodile. His consort is Varuni, he resides in Jalloka.
  • Surya is the god of sun and light. His Vāhanā is a Chariot pulled by seven Horses, driven by Arunā. His consorts are Sandhya and Chhāyā. He had three sons, Yam and the Ashvins and two daughters, Yami and Yamunā from Sandhya. He also had a son, Shani and two daughters, Bhadra and Tapati from Chhāyā.
  • Chandra is the god of moon and night. He carries a rope and his Vāhanā is a Chariot pulled by an antelope. His consorts are the 23 daughters of Daksha, including Rohini.
  • Kāmdev is the god of love. He carries a sugarcane bow and a floral arrow. His Vāhanā is a parrot and his consort is Rati, the goddess of pleasure.
  • Agni is the god of fire. He carries a Staff and his Vāhanā is a ram. His consort is Svāha.
  • Mitra is the god of Friendship. He carries a sword and rides a horse.
Navagraha:

The nine celestial bodies

  • Surya is the god of sun and light. His parents are Kashyap and Aditi. His Vāhanā is a Chariot pulled by seven Horses, driven by Arunā. His consorts are Sandhya and Chhāyā. He had three sons, Yam and the Ashvins and two daughters, Yami and Yamunā from Sandhya. He also had a son, Shani and two daughters, Bhadra and Tapati from Chhāyā.
  • Chandra is the god of moon and night. He carries a rope and his Vāhanā is a Chariot pulled by an antelope. His consorts are the 23 daughters of Daksha, including Rohini, who gave birth to Budhā.
  • Mangal is the god of Mars. His parents are Vishnu and Bhūmi (earth). He carries a Trishūl (trident) and his Vāhanā is a Ram. His consort is Mangalā.
  • Budha is the god of Mercury. His parents are Chandra and Rohini and his Vāhanā is a Yāli lion. His consort is Ila and they have a son called Pururavas.
  • Brihaspati is the god of Jupiter and teacher of gods. His Vāhanā is an elephant and his consort is Tāra.
  • Shukra is the god of Venus and the teacher of the Daityas (Asuras). His consort is Jayanti (Indra and Shachi’s daughter) and they have a daughter called Devayāni.
  • Shani is the god of Saturn and Karma (deeds). His parents are Surya and Chhaya, His Vāhanā is a crow.
  • Rahu is the god of Neptune and the Lunar ascending node.
  • Ketu is the god of Uranus and the Lunar descending node.
Panchbhoot:

The five elemental Gods

  • Agni is the god of fire. He carries a Staff and his Vāhanā is a ram. His consort is Svāha.
  • Varun is the god of water. He carries a Noose and his Vāhanā is a crocodile. His consort is Varuni, he resides in Jalloka.
  • Vāyu is the god of wind. He carries a goad. His parents are Kashyap and Aditi. His Vāhanā is a gazelle and His consort is Bhārati. His sons are, Hanumān and Bhīma (spiritual sons).
  • Dhyaus is the god of sky and Heaven. His Vāhanā is a Cow, his consort is Yogasiddha, who gave birth to Vishwakarma.
  • Bhūmi is the Goddess of the earth. She rides a cow and is the Consort of Lord Vishnu. She is the mother of Narakāsura.
Other:
  • Ganeshā is the God of auspicious beginnings and the Remover of Obstacles. His Vāhanā is Mooshika, the rat, he carries a Parashu (axe), Ankusa (elephant goad) and a Pāsa (noose). His parents are Shiva and Pārvati. He has a younger brother called Kārtikēya.
  • Hanumān is the god of Bhakti (devotion). His parents are Anjanā and Kēsari. He is a Brahmachāri (celibate).
  • Kartikēya is the god of War and the Commander of the Devas. His Vāhanā is a Peacock. His consorts are, Valli and Devasēna, daughter of Indra. He carries the Vēl (spear-like weapon). His parents are Shiva and Pārvati.
  • Dhanvantari is the god of doctors and Âyurveda. His Vāhanā is a lotus. He carries a Shankha (conch) and a Chakra (sharp disc).
  • Kuber is the God of Wealth. His parents are Vishravā and Ilavida. He carries a Gadā (Club). His Vāhanā is a Wild Boar and his consort is Bhadra, the Goddess of Hunting. They had two sons Nalakuvara and Manibhadra.
  • Yam is the God of Death and Dharma. His parents are Surya and Sandhya. He carries a Mace and his Vāhanā is a Buffalo. His Consort is Dhumorna.